【高校入試・英語】会話文対策基礎編(練習問題付)

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どこの都道府県の入試でも出題される会話文。高校入試では、短い会話文や長めの会話文が出題されるのが通例です。今回は、その会話文の対策の基礎編と題してまとめてみたいと思います。一部、公立入試の自由英作文の出だしの質問に対する答え方でも活用できます。

【高校入試対策】(英語)会話文対策

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助動詞を含む会話

  1. Can I use this computer?(このコンピュータを使ってもよいですか。)
    Sure. 〔OK. / All right.〕いいですよ。
    Sorry, you can’t. I’m using it. すみません。今,使っているところです。
  2. Must I get up early?(私は早く起きなければなりませんか。)
    Yes, you must. はい,そうしなければなりません。
    No, you don’t have to. いいえ,その必要はありません。
  3. Will you help me?(私を手伝ってくれませんか。)
    Sure. 〔OK.〕はい,いいですよ。
    I’m sorry, I can’t. I’m busy.  すみませんが,できません。忙しいのです。
  4. Shall I open the window?(窓を開けましょうか。)
    Yes, please. はい,お願いします。
    No, thank you.  いいえ,けっこうです。
  5. Shall we play tennis?(テニスをしましょうか。)
    Yes, let’s. はい,しましょう。
    No, let’s not. いいえ,よしましょう。
  6. Would you like some orange juice?(オレンジジュースはいかがですか。)
    Yes, please. はい,いただきます。
    No, thank you. いいえ,けっこうです。

疑問詞Howを含む会話

  1. How many students are there in your class? (あなたのクラスには何人の生徒がいますか。)
    There are forty (students). 40人います。
  2. How many brothers do you have?(あなたには何人の兄弟がいますか。)
    I have two (brothers). 2人います。
  3. How do you go to school? (あなたはどうやって学校へ行きますか。)
    I go by bus. 〔By bus.〕バスで行きます。
  4. How is the weather in Nara?(奈良の天気はどうですか。)
    It’s sunny. 晴れです。
  5. How long are you going to stay here? (あなたはここにどのくらい滞在するつもりですか。)
    For one week. 1週間です。
  6. How much is this T-shirt? (このTシャツはいくらですか。)
    2,000 yen. 2,000円です。

疑問詞を含む会話

  1. Who made this desk? (だれがこの机を作りましたか。)
    Bill did. ビルです。
  2. Whose bike is this?(これはだれの自転車ですか。)
    It is Mari’s. マリのものです。
  3. What is on the table?(テーブルの上に何がありますか。)
    There’s an apple.りんごです。
  4. When did you see Akane?(あなたはいつアカネに会いましたか。)
    I saw her yesterday. 私は昨日,彼女に会いました。
  5. Where does Ms. Hayashi live?(林さんはどこに住んでいますか。)
    She lives in Okayama. 彼女は岡山に住んでいます。
  6. Which train should I take?(どの電車に乗ったらよいですか。)
    Take the train on Track Kita. 北線の電車に乗ってください。
  7. Why did you get up early?(あなたはなぜ早起きしたのですか。)
    To help my mother. 母を手伝うためです。

自由英作文の出だしにも使える

  1. Which do you like better, summer or winter?(夏と冬ではどちらのほうが好きですか。)
    I like summer better. 私は夏のほうが好きです。
  2. What sport do you like the best?(あなたはどんなスポーツがいちばん好きですか。)
    I like soccer the best. 私はサッカーがいちばん好きです。

練習問題1

AとBの対話文が成り立つように、(   )に入るものをア~エから一つ選びなさい。
(1)
A: I went to a new restaurant near my house have lunch.
B: How did you like it?
A:(               )

ア It took ten minutes .
イ It was great .
ウ I went there yesterday.
エ I was just looking .

(2)
A : Would you like to play tennis with me next weekend ?
B: Sorry , I can’t . (       ) So I can’t see you.
A: All right. I’ll do my homework at home.

ア I must meet you.
イ I must play tennis .
ウ I must visit Tokyo .
エ I must do my homework with you.

(3)
A:Nice to meet you . My name is Jiro.
B: Nice to meet you too. My name is Mai . Will you tell me your name again?
A: OK. My name is Jiro. (       )
B: Hi , Jiro . I hope I have a good time with you at this school .

ア Don’t call me Jun.
イ You can call me Jun.
ウ I’m Jiro Hayashi .
エ My friends call me Jiro.

(4)
A: My father bought this computer for me on my birthday.
B: Really? I want my own computer , because I don’t have one.
A: You can come and use mine when you want to use it .
B: (        )

ア You are very kind .
イ Did you buy it for me?
ウ Yesterday I bought it.
エ I’m not interested in a computer.

(5)
A: Would you like to drink some tea?
B:(           )
A: Do you want some tea ?

ア You’re welcome.
イ May I help you ?
ウ Nice to meet you
エ Can you say that again ?

(6)
A: I bought a new dictionary.
B: Where did you buy it ?
A:(           )

ア To buy a dictionary
イ Three days ago
ウ At the bookstore
エ With my friends.

(7)
A: I’ll go to see a movie tomorrow. Will you come with me ?
B: I want to. but I can’t (           )
A: What will you do ?
B: I need to do my homework.

ア I have something to do .
イ I can go threr with you.
ウ I have nothing to do .
エ I want to see the movie.

(8)
A: What are you doing ?
B: I’m looking for Ms.Green(            )
A: Yes, I saw her in the library about ten minutes ago.
B:Really? I’ll go there. Thank you.

ア Do you like her ?
イ Did you see her?
ウ What is her name ?
エ What did you do with her ?

(9)
A: What are you doing in the park?
B: (            )
A: Can I join you?

ア I’m fine.
イ I’m running.
ウ I was running .
エ I like playing tennis.

(10)
A: What sport do you like ?
B: I like swimming. How about you ?
A: (            )

ア I played soccer yesterday.
イ Let’s play soccer tomorrow.
ウ I like playing soccer.
エ My brother likes playing soccer.

(11)
A: Do you have any brothers?
B: I have one brother.
A: Where does he live ?
B: (            )

ア Yes, he is .
イ He is eight years old.
ウ His name is Takuya.
エ He lives in Tokyo.

(12)
A: What class do you have this afternoon ?
B: I have English class. It’s very fun.
A: (            )
B: It’s Mr.Suzuki. I like him.

ア Can you speak English?
イ Did you do you English homework?
ウ Who is your English teacher ?
エ How do you study English ?

(13)
A : Have you finished your homework?
B : Yes. I’ve just finished it.
A : That’s good. (    )
B : Yes, please.

ア Was your homework difficult?
イ May I help you with your homework?
ウ Do you want some tea?
エ Did you have a lot of homework today?

(14)
A : Two hamburgers and one orange juice, please.
B : All right. ( )
A : Thank you. How much is it?

ア I sometimes cook myself.
イ That’s right.
ウ Why not?
エ Here you are.

(15)
A : It’s very hot in this room.
B : ( )
A : Yes, please. Thank you.

ア Yes, it’s very hot.
イ No, it’s not so hot.
ウ Will you open the window?
エ Shall I open the window?

(16)
A : Please carry this table to my room for me.
B : Sure, but why?
A : ( )
B : Oh, I see.

ア Because I’m glad when I carry it.
イ Because it’s not useful in my room.
ウ Because I don’t need your help.
エ Because it’s too heavy for me.

(17)
A : What are you looking for?
B : The CD I bought yesterday. I think I put it on my desk.
A : There are so many things on your desk. ( )
B : Yes, I will. But I want to find the CD before doing that.

ア Why don’t you find the CD here?
イ Why don’t you clean your desk first?
ウ Shall we bring back the CD here?
エ Do you know what you are looking for?

(18)
A : How about another glass of fruit punch?
B : ( ) I’ve had enough.
A :I’ve already had three glasses.

ア No, thank you.
イ Yes, please.
ウ Me, too.
エ It’s my pleasure.

(19)
A : I’m sorry, Ken. I’ve lost your pencil.
B : Oh, it’s OK, Aya. ( ) I have some more.

ア Excuse me.
イ Don’t worry.
ウ How about you?
エ No, thank you.

(20)
A : Do you know the woman playing the piano in the music room, Ms. Sato?
B : Yes. She is your now music teacher.
A : She plays the piano very well. ( )
B : I’m going to talk to her about you. I hope she will agree.

ア I want to tell you who she is.
イ I want to show where the piano is.
ウ I want to learn how to play the piano from her.
エ I want to know where she is playing the piano now.

解答1

(1)イ
(2)ウ
(3)エ
(4)ア
(5)エ
(6)ウ
(7)ア
(8)イ
(9)イ
(10)ウ
(11)エ
(12)ウ
(13)ウ
(14)エ
(15)エ
(16)エ
(17)イ
(18)ア
(19)イ
(20)ウ

練習問題2

次の会話文の(   )に入る会話を次のア~エより選びなさい。

(1)
A : Can I use your pen?
B : OK. (   )
A : Thank you.

ア I’m sorry.
イ Here you are.
ウ You’re welcome.
エ You’re right.

(2)
A : How long did you sleep last night?
B : I slept for only four hours, because I was reading a book.
A : Really? I think everyone needs to sleep for seven or eight hours every day.
B : I agree. (   )

ア I should sleep more at night.
イ I have to read more books at night.
ウ I slept for eight hours last night.
エ I didn’t read a book last night.

(3)
A : Hello, this is Bob. May I speak to Suzan, please?
B : Sorry, but she is not at home now.
A : I see. (     )
B : Sure. I will.

ア Where did she go?
イ Thank you for calling.
ウ When will you come home?
エ Please ask her to call me later.

(4)
A : Have you finished your homework?
B : Yes. I’ve just finished it.
A : That’s good. (     )
B : Yes, please.

ア Was your homework difficult?
イ May I help you with your homework?
ウ Do you want some tea?
エ Did you have a lot of homework today?

(5)
A : Two hamburgers and one orange juice, please.
B : All right. (     )
A : Thank you. How much is it?

ア I sometimes cook myself.
イ That’s right.
ウ Why not?
エ Here you are.

(6)
A : It’s very hot in this room.
B : (      )
A : Yes, please. Thank you.

ア Yes, it’s very hot.
イ No, it’s not so hot.
ウ Will you open the window?
エ Shall I open the window?

(7)
A : Please carry this table to my room for me.
B : Sure, but why?
A : (      )
B : Oh, I see.

ア Because I’m glad when I carry it.
イ Because it’s not useful in my room.
ウ Because I don’t need your help.
エ Because it’s too heavy for me.

(8)
A : What are you looking for?
B : The CD I bought yesterday. I think I put it on my desk.
A : There are so many things on your desk. (     )
B : Yes, I will. But I want to find the CD before doing that.

ア Why don’t you find the CD here?
イ Why don’t you clean your desk first?
ウ Shall we bring back the CD here?
エ Do you know what you are looking for?

(9)
A : How about another glass of fruit punch?
B : (     ) I’ve had enough. I’ve already had three glasses.

ア No, thank you.
イ Yes, please.
ウ Me, too.
エ It’s my pleasure.

(10)
A : I’m sorry, Ken. I’ve lost your pencil.
B : Oh, it’s OK, Aya. (     ) I have some more.

ア Excuse me.
イ Don’t worry.
ウ How about you?
エ No, thank you.

(11)
A : Do you know the woman playing the piano in the music room, Ms. Sato?
B : Yes. She is your now music teacher.
A : She plays the piano very well. (     )
B : I’m going to talk to her about you. I hope she will agree.

ア I want to tell you who she is.
イ I want to show where the piano is.
ウ I want to learn how to play the piano from her.
エ I want to know where she is playing the piano now.

(12)
A : Wow! That’s a nice shirt.
B : Thank you. I bought it yesterday. (      )
A : Yes, you bought it at the shop near the station. We went there together last Sunday.
B : That’s right.

ア Do you know what I bought?
イ Do you know where I bought it?
ウ Do you know how to buy the shirt?
エ Do you know when to buy the shirt?

(13)
A : Let’s play tennis this afternoon.
B : (     ) , but I can’t. I have to see my uncle.

ア I’m sorry.
イ Yes, thank you
ウ Let’s go オ No

(14)
A : Her favorite food is sukiyaki.
B : (     )

ア Yes, you may.
イ No, thank you.
ウ Is it?
エ How is she?

(15)
A : I couldn’t sleep well last night.
B : (     )

ア That’s too bad.
イ Nice to meet you.
ウ You are welcome.
エ How do you do?

(16)
A : Did you go to the summer festival yesterday?
B : (     ) It was a lot of fun.

ア Yes, I was.
イ No, I wasn’t.
ウ Yes, I did.
エ No, I didn’t.

(17)
A : How (     ) do the trains for Chiba come?
B : They come every ten minutes.

ア often
イ far
ウ many
エ much

(18)
A : Please give me something (     )
B : Sure.

ア to hot eat
イ to eat hot
ウ hot to eat
エ hot to eat

(19)
A : (     ) finish my homework now?
B : No, you don’t have to. You can do it after dinner.

ア Can I
イ Will I
ウ Must I
エ May I

(20)
A : (     ) does it take to Fukuoka Station?
B : About ten minutes.
A : Thank you.

ア How much
イ What time
ウ Who
エ How long

(21)
A : How long have you been in Saga?
B : I have been here (     ) I was born.

ア since
イ for
ウ from
エ as

(22)
A : (      ) you are busy, I will help you.
B : Thank you.

ア But
イ If
ウ And
エ So

(23)
A : Thank you very much for your help last Sunday.
B : (     )

ア You’re welcome.
イ That’s right.
ウ I do, too.
エ That’s all.

(24)
A : We’re having a party tomorrow. Will you come?
B : (     )

ア I’d love to.
イ That’s wrong.
イ Let me know.
エ Please come in.

(25)
A : I’m sorry to be late.
B : (     ) The meeting hasn’t started yet.
A : I’m glad to hear that.

ア You’re welcome.
イ You’re too late.
ウ That’s all right.
エ Sounds good.

(26)
A : Can I see your ticket?
B : Sure. What time will this train stop at Tokyo?
A : It stops at 3:30. (      )
B : Thank you.

ア Don’t be afraid.
イ You must leave here.
ウ Don’t be late.
エ Have a nice trip.

(27)
A : Mary, do you remember this old picture of our family?
B :No. Is this crying boy my younger brother?
A : Yes. (     )
B : That’s right. But now he is the tallest in the family.

ア He looked older than you then.
イ He took this picture with you then.
ウ He was always smiling then.
エ He was smaller than you then.

(28)
A : Yuki. I need your help.
B : Yes. (     )
A : Please clean the room.

ア What do you want me to do?
イ What do you want to do for me?
ウ What will you do to me?
エ What do you have to do for me?

(29)
A : I think in Japan summer vacation is better for the students than winter vacation. What do you think, Kenji?
B : (     )
A : Why do you think so?
B : Because we can get Christmas presents.

ア I think so too.
イ I don’t know what to say.
ウ I think summer vacation is better than winter vacation.
エ I like winter better than summer vacation.

(30) [ At a restaurant ]
A : (     ) Can I have some water?
B : Sure. Just a minute, please.

ア I’m sorry.
イ No, thank you.
ウ Excuse me.
エ You’re welcome.

解答2

(1)イ
(2)ア
(3)エ
(4)ウ
(5)エ
(6)エ
(7)エ
(8)イ
(9)ア
(10)イ
(11)ウ
(12)イ
(13)ア
(14)ウ
(15)ア
(16)ウ
(17)ア
(18)ウ
(19)ウ
(20)エ
(21)ア
(22)イ
(23)ア
(24)ア
(25)ウ
(26)エ
(27)エ
(28)ア
(29)エ
(30)ウ

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